Geography of Malaria
Where is Malaria widespread?
Malaria typically is found in warmer and wetter regions of the world (tropical and subtropical countries) because high temperatures allow the Anopheles mosquito to thrive and parasites need warmth to complete their growth. Plasmodium falciparum,in fact, is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America, Papua New Guinea, and some islands in the Eastern Pacific. P. vivax is prevalent in temperate climate zones, as well as in East Africa, Asia and Latin America (Fig. 3).